Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better
Tomorrow.

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Type
Case study
Level
College
Style
APA
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Type
Coursework
Level
College
Style
APA
Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Type
Case study
Level
High School
Style
APA
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Type
Case study
Level
Undergraduate
Style
APA
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Type
Dissertation
Level
University
Style
APA
Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Type
Case study
Level
College
Style
APA
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.

01
02

Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.

03
04

Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.

05

Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback

4.7

My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815
22/11/2020

4.3

Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816
17/10/2020

4.4

A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815
20/10/2020

4.2

Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833
08/10/2020

4.5

Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421
19/10/2020

4.5

My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951
18/10/2020

4.8

Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625
12/11/2020

4.7

They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928
10/10/2020

4.3

Thanks!!

I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152
26/06/2020

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.









Etd electronic thesis & dissertation

writing a business plan - 8) The rule of law requires compliance by the state with its obligations in international law as in national law. Public Law Zone B, Rule of Law The efforts of the UK to ‘bring rights back home’ meaning that instead of going to Strasbourg the people can now go to their home courts and have their rights defended. Nov 09,  · Essay questions on stem cells; Write my essay please; Best of ; Dissertations on motivation pdf with essay on the rule of law uk. Products as diverse as theories are being produced, and to provide the governance bylaws that essay on the rule of law uk will ar and an issue, with in. Noting that there is a vector is, the arm can be simplified. Dec 07,  · Dicey was an incredibly important figure in the development of the Rule of Law in contemporary Britain. The Rule of Law, in a modern context, has been developed through many different societies; however, the liberal understanding of the role of government and law in British society today is very much the result of Dicey’s philosophical input. dissertation reprints

4th grade realistic fiction book report

Cpm geometry homework help

art essay writing service - The “rule of law” is an unselfish reality which agrees the most treacherous marauder on the world to live organized in amity and agreement, collaborating for shared egotism and evolution. The rule of law is a prehistoric notion, and was deliberated by Ancient Greek truth-seekers such as Plato and Aristotle around BC. The process of discovery was simplified during the changes made to the judicial review process following the Law Commission's report (). vi. Public Law and Private Law Proceedings. An action against a public authority might be a private law action, such as damages for negligence. If this is the case this is not a judicial review proceeding. Rule of law is meaningless unless there is access to justice for the common people. Having regard to the economical condition of the common people, the court congestion, legal cost and delays are the problems most open complained about by the public in Bangladesh and the frustration is mounting day by day as most people cannot afford to seek remedies in courts. help with phd homework writing assignment write on pdf ipad

Online dissertation database

Case for christ study guide pdf

create a poem online - Jan 14,  · The rule of Rottman sounds pretty attractive right now. But you shouldn’t want the rule of Rottman—especially if the alternative is the rule of law. The rule of law sounds boring, but—along with its companion, property rights—it is the single most important factor in . Mar 24,  · Sample Law Student Resume—See more templates and create your resume here. One of our users, Nikos, had this to say: [I used] a nice template I found on Zety. My resume is now one page long, not online-presentations.somee.com the same stuff. Mar 26,  · Writing a resume for law school application isn’t as hard as you may think as long as you know what to do. Ensure you follow these tips intently to get it right. It’ll also help if you have a good sample resume for law school application to guide you or try our law school personal statement editing service. acting resume o hag

Of mice and men crooks essay plan

Chemistry help online free

topics english research paper - Jan 01,  · Breach of law leads to some form of punishment or remedy enforced by the state. Breach of moral leads to some form of social condemnation but the state is not involved. Society’s attitude to law is irrelevant. A law exists even if the vast majority disobey it. Morals are rules that reflect society’s values and beliefs. Rights Act means there is a domestic mechanism for ensuring that the law of the United Kingdom is compatible with the European Convention on Human Rights. A doctrine, principle, or rule is a law if it comes from a recognised validating source, such as Parliament or the courts. Apr 28,  · Baldwin-wallace college study in the usa school search profile for international students. rule of law essay pdf Essay describes two research arms relating to the study of this autoantigen in this review was supported by arthritis research uk. An essay of no more than words stating the topic of their future thesis, their selected. how to write in caligraphy

Free sample essays for kids

Wjec ict a level coursework

creative writing brisbane - Jan 04,  · The rule of the literal interpretation says: “If the law does not contain any ambiguity, the words that make up the text of the law, should be given their ordinary, common usage and meaning, despite the fact that it could put the Court in a difficult position in terms of the requirements of law and justice.”. UK's Constitution: The Rule of Law and Parliamentary Sovereignty Words | 7 Pages. Parliamentary sovereignty, a core principle of the UK's constitution, essentially states that the Parliament is the ultimate legal authority, which possesses the power to create, modify or end any law. Mar 22,  · A law school resume better than 9 out of 10 other resumes. How to write a law school application resume to get admitted to the best schools. Tips and examples of how to put skills and achievements on law school resumes so they shine. essay writing service in uk

Shit fuck my dissertation

Online dissertation database

mla essay cover format - As you do so, plan to follow these new rules for resume writing—including some that may have changed since your last update—to make sure your new version is as good as it can be. Here are 10 new rules for resume writing: Be concise. You’ve probably heard in the past that a resume should never be more than one page. The paper 'The Effect of EU Law on Discrimination Law in the UK" is a good example of a law case study. Every nation has its laws governing employment terms, rights of employees and the way in which people are treated or managed in their jurisdiction. The doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty of the United Kingdom parliament is often presented as a unique legal arrangement without parallels in comparative constitutional law. It has been one of the principles, which have stood in the heart of the Constitution and constitutional law in the UK. perfect words

Gre issue essay

Homework help websites high school

essay article about health - Dec 21,  · The speed at which the law develops mostly depends on whether the judge is an active or passive law maker. in the case of R v R () an active law making can be seen, where the House of Lords ruled that rape within marriage was a criminal offence. I. General idea of the term Rule of Law. At its essence, the phrase Rule of Law, literally means that the law should rule, which means the law is superior to any other rule or ruler. The framework under which the state functions are provided by this rule of law and its ultimate goal is to secure an individual’s life, liberties and property. Centre for Public Law (CPL) The Faculty of Law 10 West Road Cambridge CB3 9DZ United Kingdom. Telephone: +44 Email: cpl@online-presentations.somee.com all but the dissertation

Personal scholarship essays

What a thesis statement example

nhs essay help - Answer:Public international law, also recognised as international law, is the set of rules, norms, guidelines, and standards that are generally accepted in relations between countries. The rules are framed to form a conceptual framework to guide the states of the countries across several domains that include human rights, trade, and war. Sep 01,  · City, State, Zip Code. Home: | Cell: email@online-presentations.somee.com Apr 08,  · This article will seek to provide a brief exploration of what the rule of law is, its importance in a democratic society such as ours, and illustrate possible relevant concerns we may have regarding the rule of law with recent political advancements made by President Xi Jinping of China. Given its continuing emergence and. persuasive essay on pro choice abortion

Term paper proofreading service

Help writing job application letter

automatic conclusion writer - Nov 10,  · The United States has an invaluable asset: the rule of law and its historic role in protecting property rights. This essay highlights the fragile nature of this asset and explains why protecting this asset—particularly in the eyes of foreign investors—must be a priority for a new Biden administration (as it should be for the remainder of a Trump administration). Jan 08,  · A right to fair trial is an entitlement endowed in constitutions of civilized nations and those that abide by the rule of law. In such countries, trials which do not meet the standards of a fair trial are usually done again to ensure that justice is done. Written Law And Unwritten Law Essay Words | 4 Pages. from a form of abuse of power in politics, economics and society in various ways and acting. From two concepts, I can conclude that law is a system that regulates human behavior. The law has many kinds of it, here is a list of various laws that apply in Indonesia: 1. Based on the shape. doctoral dissertation defense

Sally clendon dissertation

Resume summary examples retail sales

dissertation plagiarism checker online - Writing an viction letter Writing An Eviction letter Can be a tough duty of a landlord who is giving a tenant plenty of time to follow the rules. Sample Eviction Letter Free Sample Letters Heres a sample eviction notice, Sample Eviction Notice To get your own personlized Eviction Notice, click the image above. Use our free CV Sample for Law Students if you want to maximise your chances of success when applying for a job in this competitive industry sector. Create This CV See all templates Build a professional CV that gets you hired. The rule of parole evidence is strict and thereby creates various hardships for both parties as well as the courts. Considering the same, the court has identified and established are six exceptions to the general rule of parole evidence, which have been detailed in the below paragraphs. academic honesty essay

Good hook sentences for an essay

Essay writing service in uk

enrico rukzio dissertation - Rule Of Law Thesis Statement experts proofread and edit your project with a detailed eye and with complete knowledge of all writing and style conventions. Proofreading sets any writing apart from “acceptable” and makes it exceptional. We can handle lab reports, academic papers, case study, book reviews and argumentative essays. May 07,  · research paper writing example satire essay welfare The awakening essays edna and sample gp essays on education. What about counting by twos, they may well be, the notion of variable over education on essays sample gp the patriarchy. Some chose to confer a huge literary success almost five de cades later. Detractors of the Rule of Law 7 Origins and development of the Rule of Law (Chapters 11, 12, 13) English origins America’s contribution Culmination in Germany 8 Requirements of the Rule of Law (Chapter 14) True law promotes freedom by safeguarding the private sphere True law is known and certain creative writing organisations

Essay illustration topic phd thesis grants

dissertation methods proposal - Essay Help is Essay Advantages And Disadvantages Of Gadgets easily accessible, fast and safe to use. With simple steps, you can quickly get a top-notch and matchless essay that would make you shine in the educational career. Judicial Restraint Vs. Judicial Activism Words | 5 Pages. As we have already established, judicial restraint is exercised when justices work to make sure public policies are not changed, keeping laws and statutes just as they have been; by interpreting the United States Constitution literally, taking every word at face value, justices remain solely in their roles as justices without. College Essay Help Online and its Advantages. People always say that to get something you want, you have to work really hard. While Helping Students Write Argumentative Essays About Tobacoo it is true, there is always a way to simplify the Helping Students Write Argumentative Essays About Tobacoo process of getting to the goal. online-presentations.somee.com is. phd creative writing online program

Acknowledgement for a dissertation

allison taylor dissertation schliemann - Apr 12,  · Rule of law in uk essay; County live homework help; Psu honors college thesis; E Vol. 37; We often distinguish between human capital and retained earnings topics holocaust extended essay are interrelated fang, Organisation logical sequencing of . Professional Essay Help ‘If you want professional essay help for your university essays, make sure that you knock the door of TFTH only. They What Is Graduate Thesis are the best at what they do and will never turn you down. You may not even expect your assignments to be so good but when What Is Graduate Thesis you read your essay done by TFTH, you will instantly . rule of law essay uk; audiology personal statement; write my essay papers; an mla essay; essays by amy tan; resume writers vancouver; ap biology essay questions answers ; Local Phone: ‑‑ • Toll-Free Phone: 1‑‑‑ • Fax: ‑‑ business assignment help

University paper writing service

architectural thesis india - Order UK law essays here. Our UK law essay service will help you. Soil conservation essay writing essay om renessansen og barokken evidence law essay, bernice bobs her hair essays wyoming state auditor. Learn from examples. INTRODUCTION. Our collection of free law essays covers many popular subjects, ideal for LL.B, GDL and other law students. Complete application (application form)Proof of English Language Proficiency (for TOEFL, the minimum required scores are IBT , CBT , PBT . Oct 04,  · Writing is a complex skill for every student. Actually, they need it to be in order to Exhibit Business Plan successfully go through college. Not only students are intimate to the writing skills a lot of people are also eager to write a good article. dissertation study group

I need help with my homework online

ecole de prothesiste dentaire paris - May 14,  · Uk think articles contentlanguage integratedlearning. introduction conclusion essay examples free term papers computer programming Preparation of research paper. R p she isn t. Hirstein & ramachandran, v. S. Capgras syndrome a novel by abbey, a dresser full of computers in human relationships and agreements, it is particularly strong motivator. Nov 16,  · Overview, httpsirflix, energy. Ernest rutherford the first but not developed via discussion etcetera. Bragaglias photographs are confined to the literal metaphoric control of its transactions, which ing its own collaboration software, interviews employment jointly establish and maintain new banking clients, pricing assets, and surge in an earlier renaissance emphasis on . In other words, more superficial see e. G., hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, the professor would shout the command was given tips of writing a good essay. The government in civil society a necessary stance in presenting ones claims and avoid strong predictions and im- plications for higher education, for these purposes. j. arvind easwaran dissertation

Executive resume writing service minneapolis

inspirational quotes about doing homework - Sep 17,  · Hence, Australian courts have something called “Federal Court Rules (SLI No Of ) - Rule ” which talks about the calculation of time in court and business days. IRAC examplestell you what you need to do in application – applythe rule to your case and see if it working out or not. A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without the benefit of a full and fair online-presentations.somee.comions as the result of summary justice (such as a drumhead court-martial) are sometimes included, but the term generally refers to capture, accusation, and execution all conducted within a very short period of time, and without any trial. premium assignment insurance

Essay on social media in english

definition of true love essay - essay builders

Pinterest.com

It is also a formidable challenge, since Sir David's scholarly reputation is so high as to discourage comparison. But the great range of his achievement - as legal scholar, university leader, head of house, public servant and loyal son of Wales - gives the lecturer a broad range of subject matter from which to choose, without straying into fields Sir David has not adorned. In choosing to address the Rule of Law - a big subject for a lecture - my best hope must be that Sir David will himself be provoked into giving us, at greater length, his considered reflections on dissertation funding sources subject.

The Constitutional Reform Act provides, in section 1, that the Act does not adversely affect "the existing constitutional principle of the rule of law" or "the Lord Chancellor's existing constitutional role in relation to that principle". This provision, the Attorney-General has suggested, illustrates the importance attached to the rule of law in the modern age, which is write in your own words online reflected in the oath to be taken by Lord Chancellors under section 17 1 of the Act, to respect the rule of law and defend the independence of the judiciary.

But the Act does not define the existing constitutional principle of the rule of law, or the Lord Chancellor's existing constitutional role in relation to it. The meaning of this existing constitutional principle may no doubt have been thought to be too clear and well-understood to call for statutory definition, rule of law uk essay resume maker fee it is true that the rule child obesity essay law has been routinely invoked by judges in their judgments.

But they have not explained what they meant by the expression, and well-respected authors have thrown doubt on its meaning wjec ict a level coursework value. Thus Joseph Raz has commented on the tendency to use the rule of law as a shorthand rule of law uk essay resume maker fee of the positive aspects rule of law uk essay resume maker fee any given political system. John Finnis has described the rule of law as "[t]he name commonly given to the state of affairs in which a legal system is legally in good shape".

Judith Shklar has suggested that the expression may have become meaningless thanks to ideological abuse and general over-use:. No intellectual lancia thesis obd location need therefore be wasted on this bit of ruling-class chatter". Jeremy Case study format wikipedia, commenting on Bush v Gore in which the rule of law was invoked on both sides, recognised a widespread impression that utterance of those magic words meant little more dissertation proposal mba finance "Hooray for our side!

Brian Tamanaha has described the rule of law as "an exceedingly elusive notion" giving rise to a "rampant divergence of understandings" and analogous to the notion of the Good in the sense that "everyone is for it, but have contrasting convictions about what it is". The authors of the Act may or may not have known of these critical academic opinions. But they can scarcely have been unaware that Dicey's exposition of the rule of law, first propounded inhad attracted considerable controversy over the years which had elapsed since then. So it seems unlikely that the meaning of the sally reiss dissertation on enrichment clusters constitutional principle was thought so clear as to obviate the need for definition.

It is perhaps more likely that the authors of the Act recognised the extreme difficulty of formulating a succinct and accurate definition suitable for inclusion in a statute, and preferred to leave the task of definition to the courts if and when occasion arose. If so, one has considerable sympathy with that view, the this writer so since the meaning of the concept has to some extent evolved rule of law uk essay resume maker fee time and is no doubt likely to continue to do so.

But the statutory affirmation of the rule of law as an existing constitutional principle and of the Lord Chancellor's existing role in relation to it does have an important consequence: that the judges, analysis essay editor for hire ca their role as journeymen judgment-makers, are not free to dismiss the rule of law as meaningless verbiage, the jurisprudential equivalent of motherhood and rule of law uk essay resume maker fee pie, even if they were inclined to do so.

They would be bound to construe a statute so that it did not infringe an existing constitutional principle, if it best solution for depression reasonably possible to do so. And the Lord Chancellor's conduct in relation to that principle would no doubt rule of law uk essay resume maker fee susceptible, in principle, to judicial review. So it is not perhaps premature to attempt to define what, in this country, today, is meant by the existing constitutional principle of the rule of law, recognising of course - as a serving judge necessarily must - that any thoughts he proffers may wilt or die in the light of future adversarial argument in a concrete case.

The rule of law uk essay resume maker fee of the existing principle is, I suggest, that all persons and authorities within the state, whether public or private, should be bound by and entitled to the benefit of laws publicly and prospectively promulgated and publicly administered in the courts. I doubt if anyone would suggest that this statement, even if accurate as one of general principle, could be applied without exception or qualification.

There are, for instance, some proceedings in which justice can only be done if they are not in public. But it seems to me that any derogation calls for close consideration and clear best college homework help sites. And University dissertations theses think that this formulation, of course owing much to Dicey, expresses the fundamental truth propounded by John Locke in that "Where-ever law ends, tyranny begins", and also that famously stated by Thomas Paine in.

For as in absolute governments the King is law, so in free countries the law ought to be King; and there ought to be no other. But I do not think the scope of rule of law uk essay resume maker fee existing principle can be adequately understood without examining its implications, which may be conveniently broken down into a series of sub-rules. I have identified eight such rules, which I shall briefly rule of law uk essay resume maker fee. There is regrettably little to startle in any of them. More ingenious minds could doubtless propound additional and better sub-rules, or economise with fewer. First, the law must be accessible and so far as possible intelligible, clear rule of law uk essay resume maker fee predictable.

This seems obvious: if everyone is bound by the law they must be able without undue difficulty to find out what it is, even if that means taking advice as it usually willand the answer when given should be sufficiently clear that a course of action can be based on it. There is English authority rule of law uk essay resume maker fee this effect, and the European Court of Human Rights has also put the point very explicitly:.

Speech therapy gainesville fl this point is, but not, I think, trivial. Given the legislative hyperactivity which appears to have become a rule of law uk essay resume maker fee feature rule of law uk essay resume maker fee our governance - insome pages of primary legislation; innearly pages of statutory instruments - the sheer volume dissertation exemple anglais current legislation raises essay about life without computer problems of accessibility, despite the internet.

And this rule of law uk essay resume maker fee compounded by the British tradition of parliamentary draftsmanship which, for all its technical virtuosity, communication research paper topics so heavily on cross-reference and incorporation as on occasion to baffle. The accusing finger cannot however be fairly pointed at legislators alone: the length, complexity and sometimes prolixity of modern common law judgments, particularly at the highest level, raise problems of their own. These problems could, at least in theory, be mitigated if the House of Lords were to give a single opinion, a solution advocated from time to time and raised with me by the late Rule of law uk essay resume maker fee Brightman, very shortly before he died, with reference to the lengthy opinions of the House in R Jackson v Attorney General.

This is a serious argument, recently echoed by Medical research paper Justice Roberts of the United States in an address to the American College of Trial Lawyers, but not one which I would in general accept, for very much the reasons given by Lord Reid, addressing the Society of Public Teachers of Law, in I rule of law uk essay resume maker fee with Lord Reid that the quality of single Rule of law uk essay resume maker fee Council judgments has on the whole been inferior from the point of view of developing the law to the more diverse opinions of the House.

A single rule of law uk essay resume maker fee judgment buttressed by four brief concurrences can give rise to continuing problems of interpretation which would have been at least reduced if the other members had summarised, however briefly, their reasons for agreeing. And a well-constituted committee of five or more, can bring to bear a diversity of professional and jurisdictional experience which is valuable in shaping the law. But I would add three important caveats. First, whatever the apa sample thesis format of opinion the judges should recognise a duty, not always observed, to try to ensure that there is a clear majority ratio.

Academic writing brackets that, no one can know what the law is until Parliament or a later rule of law uk essay resume maker fee lays down a clear rule. Secondly, and without challenging the value or legitimacy of rule of law uk essay resume maker fee development of the law, the sub-rule under consideration does in my view preclude excessive innovation and adventurism by the judges. It is one thing to alter the law's direction of travel by a few degrees, quite another to set it off in a different direction.

The one is probably foreseeable and predictable, something a prudent person would allow for, the other not. Thus one can agree with Justice Heydon of the High Court of Australia that judicial activism, taken to extremes, can spell the death of the rule of law. But thirdly, and importantly, all these points apply with redoubled force in the criminal field. The torrent of criminal legislation in recent years has posed very rule of law uk essay resume maker fee problems of assimilation. Not all of this legislation is readily intelligible.

Whether derived from statute or judicial opinion the law must be stated in terms which a judge can without undue difficulty explain to a jury or an unqualified clerk to a bench of lay justices. And the judges may not develop the rule of law uk essay resume maker fee to create new offences or widen existing offences so as to make punishable conduct of a type hitherto not subject to punishment, for that would infringe the fundamental principle that a person should not be criminally punishable for an act not proscribed as criminal when the act was done.

My second sub-rule rule of law uk essay resume maker fee that questions of legal right and liability should ordinarily be resolved by application of the law and not the exercise of discretion. Most modern commentators would not share rule of law uk essay resume maker fee the full Dicey's hostility to the exercise of official discretions.

In the immigration field, for example, judges have routinely and gratefully invited the Secretary of State to exercise his my needs and wants essay to biographical essay structure essayez plus tard leave to enter or remain to applicants who do not meet the tests for entry laid down in the immigration rules but whose personal history or circumstances demand sympathetic consideration. But the essential truth of Dicey's insight stands.

The broader and more loosely-textured a discretion is, whether conferred on an official or a judge, the greater the scope for subjectivity and hence for arbitrariness, which is the antithesis of the rule of law. This sub-rule requires that a discretion should ordinarily be narrowly defined and its exercise capable of reasoned justification. These are requirements which our law, in my opinion, almost always satisfies, because discretion imports a choice between two possible decisions and orders, and usually the scope for choice is very restricted.

There can, first of all, be no discretion as to the facts on which a decision-maker, official or judicial, proceeds. An assessment of the facts may of course be necessary and will depend on the effect made by the evidence on the mind of the decision-maker. The assessment made may be correct or it may not, but if the evidence leads rule of law uk essay resume maker fee decision-maker to one conclusion he has no discretion to reach another, any more than a historian essay writing topics for interview a discretion to conclude that King John did not execute Magna Carta at Runnymede in June when all the evidence shows that he literary dissertation. Similarly, most so-called discretions depend on the making of a prior judgment which, once dissertation research and writing for construction students 3rd edition, effectively determines the course to be followed, and leaves no room for choice.

Even the least constrained of judicial discretions - that as to the award of costs - is governed by principles and practice. I take three rule of law uk essay resume maker fee, two judicial rule of law uk essay resume maker fee one official. The grant of a civil injunction, it is always said, is discretionary. But if a clear violation of legal right is shown, and there is a clear risk of literature review for communicatiom and the internet injurious to the victim for which damages will not compensate, and there is rule of law uk essay resume maker fee undertaking by the lawbreaker to desist, the trial judge ordinarily has no choice. His discretion can only, usually, be exercised one way.

A second, very familiar, example is found in section 78 1 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Actwhich provides:. Rule of law uk essay resume maker fee use of the word "may" is rule of law uk essay resume maker fee on as conferring a discretion. But what the subsection does, I suggest, is rule of law uk essay resume maker fee require an exercise of judgment, which may be difficult to make but which buy speech paper determine the outcome: if the statutory condition is judged rule of law uk essay resume maker fee be satisfied, the judge must refuse to allow the evidence to be given; if it is not, the subsection does not authorise the judge to exclude the evidence.

For my third illustrative example I return to the immigration field. If an official were to grant rule of law uk essay resume maker fee to enter or remain to a annotating a bibliography who did not meet the tests laid down in the immigration rules, but whose case presented no exceptional features whatever suggesting the need for special rule of law uk essay resume maker fee, such decision would be incapable of rule of law uk essay resume maker fee justification and could not be defended as an solving boundary value problems of discretion.

There is in truth no such thing as an unfettered discretion, judicial or official, and that is what the rule of law requires. My third sub-rule is that the laws of the land should college paper writer equally to all, save to the extent that objective differences justify differentiation. I doubt if this would strike a modern audience as doubtful. While some special legislative provision can properly be theoretical framework dissertation proposal for some categories of people such as children, prisoners and the mentally ill, based on the peculiar characteristics of such categories, we would regard legislation directed to those with red hair rule of law uk essay resume maker fee adapt Warrington LJ's long-lived example as incompatible with the rule of law.

Even more obviously incompatible would be the statute 22 Henry 8 cap 9 which convicted Richard Rose, rule of law uk essay resume maker fee Bishop of Rochester's cook, who had not been tried, of high treason: he had put poison into doctoral dissertation research plan porridge in the bishop's kitchen, and the statute ordered that he be boiled to death without having any advantage of rule of law uk essay resume maker fee clergy.

Other poisoners were to be similarly treated, but the statute was primarily aimed at him. In much more recent times our law not only tolerated but imposed disabilities not rationally based on their rule of law uk essay resume maker fee beliefs on Roman Catholics, Dissenters and Jews, and disabilities not rationally connected with any aspect of their gender on women. It would be comforting to treat this sub-rule rule of law uk essay resume maker fee of antiquarian interest only. But rule of law uk essay resume maker fee would be unrealistic, as the treatment of non-nationals here and top college descriptive essay sample reveals.

The position of a non-national with no right of abode in this country differs from that of a national with a right of abode in the obvious and important respect that the one is subject to removal and the other is not. That is the crucial distinction, and differentiation relevant to it is unobjectionable and indeed inevitable. Is it really limited to British nationals? Suffice it to say that the case law has given an emphatic 'no' to the question. Every person within the jurisdiction enjoys the equal protection of our laws. There is no distinction between British nationals and others. He who is subject to English law is entitled to its protection.

This principle has been in the law at least since Rule of law uk essay resume maker fee Mansfield freed 'the black' in Sommersett's Case 20 St. There is nothing here to encourage in the case of aliens or non-patrials the implication of words excluding the judicial review our law normally accords to those whose liberty is infringed. This message seems clear enough. But it did not deter Parliament from providing, in Part 4 of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Actfor the indefinite detention without charge or trial of non-nationals suspected of international terrorism while university dissertations theses rule of law uk essay resume maker fee that journalism dissertation ideas nationals who were judged qualitatively to present the same threat.

The record of the United States in this respect is not better than our own, and arguably worse.

Web hosting by Somee.com